Multiple Intelligences

Verbal-Linguistic Learners

  • value books and like to talk about what you've read 
  • "hear" words in your head before speaking or reading them- have a good memory for names, places, dates and/or trivia- enjoy word games, puns and tongue twisters 
  • are a good speller 
  • have a good vocabulary- write well 
  • communicate with others in a highly verbal way

Logical-Mathematical Learners

  • are curious about how things work 
  • mentally compute measurements and formulas- enjoy logic puzzles, brainteasers and games of strategy, like chess 
  • look for rational explanations, think logically and seek logical answers 
  • feel more comfortable when something has been measured, categorized, analyzed, or quantified in some way 
  • like to experiment in a way that uses higher order cognitive thinking processes 
  • have a good sense of cause and effect

Visual-Spatial Learners

  • draw or doodle 
  • read charts, maps, and diagrams more easily than text- enjoy artistic pursuits 
  • see clear visual images 
  • have a strong sense for colors- often have vivid dreams at night 
  • enjoy taking (and looking at) photographs or movies- can get around easily in unfamiliar territory 
  • can comfortably imagine how objects appear from different angles 
  • prefer reading material that is heavily illustrated 
  • enjoy doing puzzles, mazes and similar visual activities

Bodily-Kinesthetic Learners

  • are physically active and enjoy the outdoors- excel at one or more sports/athletic pursuits- find it difficult to sit still for long periods 
  • like working with your hands 
  • enjoy taking things apart and putting them back together- have a need to touch things when learning about them- are well coordinated 
  • need to practice skills by doing them rather than simply reading/hearing about them

Musical Learners

  • sometimes hum, sing, or make tapping sounds while working- enjoy listening to music on radio, cassette, or CD 
  • can tell if a musical note is off key 
  • may play a musical instrument or sing well- find music enriching 
  • know the tunes to many different songs- have a good singing voice 
  • have a rhythmic way of speaking or moving

Interpersonal Learners

  • enjoy socializing with others 
  • are sought out by others for advice and counsel- enjoy group games and sports 
  • prefer to talk over problems with another person, rather than solving them alone 
  • have at least three close friends 
  • seek the company of coworkers both during and after hours- voluntarily tutor coworkers in new skills 
  • show leadership ability 
  • are an active member of one or more clubs, committees or other organizations

Intrapersonal Learners

  • are self-directed and prefer working alone 
  • are interested in learning more about yourself 
  • at times may say or do things that others have difficulty understanding- may be a loner 
  • have strong opinions about things- have a rich inner life
  • have high self-esteem 

Naturalist Learners

  • are interested in subjects such as botany, biology and zoology (are more in tune with nature)- are good at categorizing and cataloging information easily 
  • may enjoy camping, gardening, hiking and exploring the outdoors 
  • don’t enjoy learning unfamiliar topics that have no connection to nature 
  • are interested in exploring the environment and learning about other species

Existential Learners

  • learn by seeing the "big picture": "Why are we here?" "What is my role in the world?" "What is my place in my family, school and community?"
  • seek connections to real world understandings and applications of new learning.
  • are highly introspective and attuned to inner self
  • have a firm understanding of own personal beliefs, preferences, and convictions.- enjoy school activities that allow a choice of activities.
  • prefer to express yourselves and your opinions as opposed to memorizing facts and information.- are frequently motivated and good at evaluating own work.

When you have identified one or two preferred modes of learning, use that knowledge to structure learning situations that favor your style. For example:

  • to learn a foreign language a linguistic learner might concentrate on vocabulary, using books and audio tapes;
  • a logical-mathematical learner might put more emphasis on rules of grammar;
  • a spatial learner would respond well to lots of illustrations, photos and films;
  • a bodily-kinesthetic learner might decide to enroll in a total immersion course abroad;
  • a musical learner would do well to play background music when studying and learn songs and poems in the foreign tongue;
  • an interpersonal learner might seek a highly interactive classroom situation and
  • an intrapersonal learner might work alone with audio tapes or CDs.

Source: Dianne Schilling

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