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# Math and Science

## April 12 - 16

This week in Mathematics, students are beginning their new unit on Squares and Square Roots. At the conclusion of this unit, students are expected to have an understanding of how to determine if a number is a perfect square and determine it’s square root, as well as how to estimate the square root of non-perfect squares.  Students are also introduced to Pythagorean Theorem and how to apply it to find missing side lengths of right angled triangles. The week, students will begin this unit with an introduction to squares and a review of finding a squares area, as well exploring the link between area and the squares side length (it’s square root).

This week in Science we are continuing our discussion around levers. We will be adding in the concept of Mechanical Advantage as well as calculating the advantage of different levers. We have both an in class lab and an online simulator to illustrate these ideas.

## April 6 - 9

This week in Mathematics, students will be finishing up the graphing unit by making misleading graphs. Misleading graphs are used regularly in the media and it’s important students know how to interpret the correct information. Next week we will be moving onto square and square roots, including Pythagorean theorem.

In Science we went over the Light and Optic Final from before break. We began our new unit of Mechanical Systems with the pre-assessment, and we started the discussion with a review of levers from previous

## March 22 - 26

This week in Mathematics, students are learning to analysis and critique graphs by identifying the elements that can make a graph misleading. Students will apply these skills to make their own misleading graphs based on data they’ve collected as a class.

This week in Science we will be dissecting eyes and analyzing their structures. On Thursday we will have our unit final for Light and Optics. Students should be reviewing throughout the week.

## March 15 - 19

This week in Mathematics, students will be concluding the Linear Relations unit with an error analysis and post-assessment. Later in the week, students will be introduced representing data in a variety of ways, such as drawing and critiquing circle graphs, line graphs, bar graphs and pictographs.

In Science we are wrapping up our unit on Light and Optics. Some time will be spent on final research projects, reviewing for our unit final (March 25) and preparing for our eye dissection (March 23&24).

## March 8 - 10

This week in Grade 8 Mathematics, students will complete a quiz on graphing linear relations. Please check D2L for any notes and practice material. Please also check PowerSchool to ensure your child is up to date with their work. We look forward to discussing your child’s progress at Parent Teacher Conferences later this week.

In Science we are finishing off comparing human eyes to other animal's eyes. We will also be incorporating Art to form drawings of various eyes in the animal kingdom to create a wall of eyes.

## March 1 - 5

This week in Grade 8 Mathematics, students are practicing graphing linear relations with both positive and negative co-efficients and constants. There will be a quiz on these concepts next week to conclude the first spiral of the Patterns and Relations unit.

In Science we are discovering the structures of the eye as well as how they function together for image formation. We are comparing our eyes to a camera and then will be working on comparing human eyes to eyes of other species.

## February 22 - 26

This week in Mathematics, students will begin the graphing portion of the Linear Relations unit. Firstly students will be provided some revision on how to create a graph, including how to identify and produce the correct scale, as well as labeling. They will then move onto graphing linear relations using an equation and a t-table.

In Science we are looking at how light refracts when it passes through medium with different densities. We are conducting experiments with ray boxes and lenses to see how different shaped lenses change the direction of light.

## February 16 - 19

This week in Grade 8 Mathematics, students are continuing to work with linear patterns. Students will be using a pattern to complete a t-table and to determine the pattern rule. Please check PowerSchool and D2L to ensure your child is up to date with their work.

In Science we will continue our work with reflection of light. Some groups will be collecting data and some groups will be analyzing and discussing the data they collected last week.

## February 8-10

This week in Grade 8 Mathematics, students are beginning their Linear Relations unit. Students will complete a pre-assessment followed by an introduction to patterns and t-tables. We will briefly revise the concepts taught online in the spring of Grade 7 before moving onto Grade 8 concepts.

In Science we will be continuing the study of the nature of light and how it interacts with surfaces. Connections to the Law of Reflection will be made, as well as identifying sources of light and how light travels.

## February 1 - 5

This week in Grade 8 Mathematics, students are finishing up the Integers unit by focusing on order of operations. Students will be applying their understanding of adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing integers to solve problems. Students can expect to have a quiz on these concepts on Wednesday, before completing their post-assessment on Thursday. Please check D2L and PowerSchool to see if your child is up to date with their work.

In Science we will be begin our new unit on Light and Optics. There will be a pre-assessment - not a test, just a tool to gain a sense of starting point for everyone. This week's discussion will be the history of light and how our understanding of light has changed based on observations made in nature as well as developments in technology. There will be some time to go over our unit final from last week.

## January 25 - 28

This week in Mathematics, students will be working with strategies to solve division questions involving integers. Later in the week, student will apply their understanding of integers to solve order of operations questions. It’s important students revise not only multiplying and dividing integers, but also adding and subtracting integers.

In Science we are finishing up our Cells and Systems Unit. There will be plenty of time in class reviewing key concepts. Time should be spent at home reviewing as well. The final for this unit is on January 28th.

## January 18th - January 22nd

This week in Mathematics, students will be finishing learning how to multiply integers using tiles, numbers lines and mental math strategies. Students will have a quiz on this concept to begin the week, before completing a quiz analysis to help identify their mistakes and next steps for learning. Later in the week, students will begin learning how to divide integers. Students will call upon their understanding of using number lines and tiles to help discover the mental math strategies. Dividing integers will continue into the following week before a quiz to assess student understanding.

In Science this week we will have a short quiz on Monday on the Body Systems. We will then be looking at diseases that impact the Body Systems and ways we can keep organ systems healthy. There will be a unit final on the Cells and Systems Unit on January 28th.

## January 11th - January 15th

This week in Grade 8 Mathematics, students are learning how to multiply integers (positive and negative numbers). Students will be learning this through a variety of strategies, including using tiles, number lines and mental math. Students can prepare to have a quiz on multiplying integers early next week.

This week in Science we will be wrapping up discussions on the body systems. We will focus on ensuring we have an understanding of the organs that make up the systems, what the role of the system is for the entire organism, as well as how the systems interact with each other to carry out the life functions. Students should be prepared to have a quiz on the body systems by mid-week. We will then work on understanding diseases that can impact the body systems.

## December 14- December 18th

This week in Mathematics, students are continuing to practice the various transformations -  translation, reflection and rotation. Students will apply these skills to identifying various transformations that have occurred. Students should prepare for a quiz on these concepts on Thursday of this week before concluding for Winter Break on Friday.

This week in Science we will be working on a Body Systems Project. Plenty of time for research will be given in class and a checklist will be provided with all the necessary components to include. This project is due Friday, December 18th by the end of the day. Please see the following attachment for the project outline…

## December 7 - December 11th

This week in Mathematics, students are beginning the first Shape and Space unit of the year. Students will be revising different forms of transformations (translations, rotations and reflections) before practicing using a variety of online resources. Later in the week, students will apply their understanding to solve problems.

This week in Science we are finishing up our discussions around the advantages and disadvantages of being unicellular or multicellular. We will then look at how materials are transported in and out of the cell through diffusion and osmosis and how this relates to the systems in our body.

## November 23 - November 27

This week in Mathematics, students will be learning the difference between choice and chance when playing a probability game. Students will use the results of the game to compare theoretical and experimental probability while discussing various strategies they will apply in attempt to win the game.

## November 9 - November 13

This week in Mathematics, students are finishing up the Fractions unit. On Monday students will complete a post-assessment before completing a unit final on Tuesday. The unit final will cover both multiplying and dividing fractions and students will be asked to use a number of strategies, including using models and number lines. On Thursday students will begin the new unit - Statistics and Probability - with a focus on independent events.

This week in Science is the conclusion of our Unit on Mix and Flow of Matter. Monday will be spent reviewing concepts in class and the Unit Final has been broken into 2 parts – Multiple choice on Tuesday and Calculations, written, practical component on Thursday.

## November 2 - November 6

This week in Science we are finishing up our Research on Mix and Flow Technologies. Students are to take what they have learned and in a small group come up with how they will present the information. Presentations will be at the end of this week.

This week in Mathematics, students are concluding their work with diving fractions by leaning the final strategy of identify the reciprocal and then multiplying. Students will have a quiz coming up in the next week or so where they will have to draw upon one of the strategies learned to divide fractions, before moving on to multiplying and dividing mixed numbers.

## October 26 - October 29

This week in Science we are finishing up our discussion around calculating pressure. We will then discuss our final topic for Mix and Flow of Matter which is technologies that manipulate the properties of fluids.

This week in Mathematics, students will continue to learn how to divide fractions. Students will spend some extra time practicing dividing a whole number by a fraction using a number line and a model, before moving onto dividing using common denominators. Please remind students to revise their ‘How To’ sheet as this summaries all the strategies and is a great reference for when practicing at home.

## October 19-October 23

This week in Mathematics, students will be doing an error analysis of their Multiplying Fractions quiz. Students will use the error analysis template to identify their growth areas as well as correct their mistakes. Students will then begin dividing a whole number by a fraction using an area model. Students will be building off their understanding of using an area model to multiple fractions.

This week in Science we will wrap up our discussion of buoyancy Monday. We will have a quiz on Tuesday that will cover buoyancy as a force, how it relates to density, and how we can determine if things will float or sink. The rest of the week will be discussing compressibility and how this relates to a Cartesian diver (in class demo), as well as what pressure is and how we can calculate it as a ratio of force in a given area.

## October 13- October 15

This week in Mathematics, students are revising for their Multiplying Fractions quiz on Thursday October 15th 2020. It’s important students know how to multiply a fraction by a whole number and a fraction by a fraction using various strategies. These include using an area model, a number line and the product method. Please remind students to check D2L and PowerSchool if they are absent from school so they can stay up to date.

In science we are exploring the concept of buoyancy. What it means as a quantifiable force and how it relates to density. This will culminate in a building project where we build and test the buoyancy of different boat designs to determine what will hold the greatest weight.

## October 5 - October 8

This week in Mathematics, students will be learning how to multiple a fraction by a fraction using area models, counters and number lines. It’s important students continue to practice converting between improper fractions and mixed numbers, as well as simplifying fractions to their lowest form.

This week in Science we are exploring the concept of density. We will be building our skill of using triple balance beam balances to measure mass, using rulers to calculate volume and putting them in a ratio that quantifies density of different materials. We will look at the how states of matter and particle size influence density as well.

## September 21- September 24

This week in Grade 8 Mathematics, students will be revising how to add fractions with both common and uncommon denominators. This will help students understand the concept of repeated addition that leads into multiple fractions. A reminder that if your student is away, please check D2L and PowerSchool as they are updated regularly with the resources your student may have missed.

This week in Science we will be calculating concentrations of solutions and creating a graph to compare the solubility of different substances. We will have a short quiz Thursday on all concepts covered so far.

## September 14 - September 18

This week in Grade 8 Mathematics, students will be diving into working with fractions. At the end of this unit, students will be able to add and subtract fractions (from Grade 7), as well as multiple and divide fractions (new in Grade 8). To prepare students, teachers will be touching on previous skills such as equivalent fractions and finding common denominators.

This week in Science we will be reviewing the particle model. This will lead us into determining the difference between pure substances and mixtures and will be followed by demonstrations to determine factors which affect the rate of dissolving.

## September 8-September 11

This week in Grade 8 Mathematics, students will be introduced to some basic math problems to get their brain thinking about numbers again. These are problems basic around basic operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication and division) as well as fractions and percents. Through out the year, students will complete a number of pre-assessments to help guide teaching and learning in the classroom and later in the week, students will complete their first one on fractions.